v.1,2- “commend”- “to introduce one person to another, represent as worthy.”
“servant” is the same Greek word used for “deacon” in other parts of the Bible.
It seem translators use the word “deacon” when it’s speaking about a man, and “servant” when it’s speaking about a woman.
“helper” means “a word of dignity; and indicates the high esteem with which she was regarded, as one who had been a protectress of many.”
v.3- We are first introduced to this dynamic duo, “Priscilla and Aquila” in Acts 18:2.
v.4- We aren’t told for sure how they risked their own necks for Paul.
v.5- “Likewise greet the church that is in their house.”- In the early church, they didn’t have church buildings.
“Greet my beloved Epaenetus, who is the firstfruits of Achaia to Christ.”- This is the only time we hear of this guy. But Paul knew him, and so did Jesus.
v.6- We aren’t sure which “Mary” Paul is referring to here.
This Mary was a hard worker.
v.7- “Andronicus and Junia” were Jewish Christians.
v.8-10a- Another few we know little of; their names are common slave names. But Paul loved them.
2 Timothy 2:15
10b- Historians tells us “Aristobulus” was the grandson of Herod the Great, and the brother of Agrippa I.
It’s also possible this “Aristobulus” wasn’t saved, but members of his house were.
v.11- Similar to the house of “Aristobulus” in v.10.
v.12- “Tryphena and Tryphosa” mean, “dainty and delicate.”
“Persis” means, “one who takes by storm.”
v.13- It’s possible this Rufus is the son of Simon of Cyrene, who was compelled to carry the cross for Jesus. (Mark 15:21)
v.14- These are all Greek names.
Since Paul lumped them together, along with unnamed others, it’s possible they lived in a commune.
v.15- “Philologus”- “lover of the Word.” “Julia”- “soft haired.” “Nereus”- “lamp.”
v.16- A “holy kiss” was a godly approach.
v.17- Paul gives two instructions: “note them” (identify them), and “avoid them.”
v.18- The word “simple” does not mean “dumb.” It means “sincere.”
v.19- This is one of the signs of a healthy church.
We must first be wise in the things of God.
And, we are to be “simple”- “unmixed, pure as in wines or metals; of the mind, without a mixture of evil, free from guile, innocent, simple.”
v.20- Through the Lord, we will be victorious over the devil.
This ends the section of greetings Paul was asking for.
v.21- Timothy was a young pastor, his father was a Greek and his mother a Jew.
“Lucius, Jason, and Sosipater,”- fellow Jews who worked closely with Paul.
v.22- “Tertius” means, “third.”
v.23- “Gaius”- Held church in his house, and hosted Paul there, too.
“Erastus” had a position of prominence in the city of Corinth. He was the treasurer.
“Quartus”- “fourth” Possibly another numbered slave.
v.24- “The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.”- The same greeting again.
v.25- This is directed to God. “Now to Him”
But also about God- “who is able to establish you”
Paul doesn’t have his own gospel.
“A ‘mystery’ in the New Testament is a truth never previously known, and a truth which human intellect could never discover, but one which has now been made known to us by God.”
v.26- God has made it known all around the world through the Bible.
“for obedience to the faith—”- The reason God did all this: so people will obey Him and believe in Him.
v.27- The end result of anyone getting saved, or growing in their faith after they are saved, is God receives glory!
Notes by Pastor Chris Bent